Understanding all forms of dementia

Understanding Dementia

Specialist information for all types of dementia

We provide a wealth of free information about dementia, whether you’re concerned you or a family member might be experiencing dementia symptoms, have been recently diagnosed, or have been living with dementia for many years.

What is Dementia?

Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe various neurological conditions which all damage brain cells and lead to a loss of brain function. It includes Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and more than 100 other types.

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Types of Dementia

There are more than 100 different types of dementia that have been discovered, however six forms of dementia account for the majority of cases. These are Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, Lewy body dementia, Korsakoff syndrome, and younger onset dementia.

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Causes of Dementia

The greatest known risk factor for dementia is increasing age; most people with the condition are 65 years or older. There are also a number of other risk factors that may increase your chance of developing dementia.

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Information for People Living with Dementia

A diagnosis of dementia can come as a shock to you as well as your family and friends. Even if you have been expecting the diagnosis, it is likely to be a very worrying and upsetting time. There are a number of things that you can do in the early stages to help make your life easier and more enjoyable, both now and in the future.

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Dementia Symptoms

The early signs of dementia are often subtle and vague, and can be difficult to notice. Because dementia has more than 100 different forms, the symptoms will vary depending on the type, the progression, and can even vary from person to person.

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Stages of Dementia

Each person with dementia will have a different experience of the illness, as symptoms can vary from person to person, even within the same type of dementia. Because of this there is great deal of variability in the progression of dementia.

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Support Groups

Support and social groups are an easy way to find people with similar life experiences, who can act as a support to you, and you to them, by talking through questions, issues, or experiences.

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Information for Carers

Being a carer can be challenging and sometimes overwhelming, but it can also be immensely rewarding. Whether you look after someone for a few hours a week or full time, you play a vital role in the health and wellbeing of the person you care for, and it’s just as important to look after yourself too.

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Next Steps

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